In this article we highlight the intersection of oral and literary traditions by conceptualizing landscape as archive through an integration of Indigenous knowledges into environmental education curriculum and teaching. We report on a study that focused on the experiences of pre- service teachers who engaged in ecological teachings in an established alternative settings placement as part of a pre- service teacher education program in rural Ontario, Canada.
In this paper we outline philosophical conceptualizations of relationships with language and place. We investigate how place is an essential aspect of language formation and oral tradition. Re-conceptualizing the concept that primary source is inextricably linked to place leads to an eco-hermeneutic analysis of the etymology of language.