This paper describes two Sámi mathematics teachers’ development of an innovative instructional practice. Having recognized that Norway’s national written exam disadvantaged their students, the teachers developed and established a culturally responsive local oral mathematics exam as part of a five-year research project that took place between 2010 and 2015 in Guovdageaidnu, Norway. The aim of the paper is to illuminate the role of teachers’ autonomy in the process towards Indigenous educational self-determination.
In this paper, the future of Indigenous autonomy and Indigenous community- based research is illustrated by analyzing re- Westernization, de- Westernization, and decoloniality in relation to the regeneration of the Indigenous glocal (global/local) concept of sumaq kawsay (“living well” in Quechua). The regeneration of sumaq kawsay as a new geopolitical and cultural polycentric and multipolar world is examined from an Indigenous studies decolonial perspective and an Indigenous Andean campesino (peasant) community- based perspective.
Despite the Stalinist myth, it was not the Bolsheviks but Indigenous intellectuals who introduced autonomy as a form of post- colonial settlement during the crisis and collapse of the Russian Empire to Siberia and Central Asia. Employing a comparative perspective, this article traces the development and implementation of two autonomous projects in Asian Russia.
This article examines the Miskitu peoples’ efforts to gain equal rights in mid- 20th- century Nicaragua through a discourse of citizenship within the larger ideological framework of Latin American mestizaje (interracial and intercultural mixing as the basis for Latin American identity in refutation of European and/or Anglo- American values). Specifi cally, it explores Miskitu recollections and reactions to Nicaraguan efforts to integrate them into the national identity through an indigenist programme known as the Río Coco Pilot Project for Basic Education.
This article examines the socio-historical and political context that underlies the current demands of indigenous peoples and Afro-descendants in the Caribbean Coast of Nicaragua for securing communal land property rights. It examines the significant advances in the legalization of indigenous territories and assesses contemporary challenges relating to efforts to increase the degree of control over newly titled territories.
This article discusses the emergence of demands for regional autonomy amongst the Miskitu inhabitants of Nicaragua’s Caribbean Coast during the 1980s and concludes that the provenance of such demands should not be located in the historical precedents of the Kingdom of Mosquitia (1687–1860) and the Mosquito Reservation (1860–1894). Instead, its origins will be seen to lie in the impact of the developmentalist policies adopted by the Sandinista government that came to power in 1979 through a popular insurrection in Pacific Nicaragua.