Indigenous peoples have long critiqued the harmful effects of Eurocentric research processes upon Indigenous cultures and communities. This paper—which is grounded in the author’s knowledge and experience as an Aboriginal Australian academic—examines three threshold considerations relevant to non-Indigenous scholars who seek to enter into respectful research relationships with Indigenous peoples or knowledges. The first is the question of whether the research should be conducted at all. The second is positionality and how this affects research.
This article traces pivotal moments in the history of Indigenous participation in social research as “objects” of study, informants, collaborators and researchers. It proposes that these racial and political hierarchies have been forged by colonization. Specific histories reveal the ways these links have developed over time. The Mapuche peoples’ experience with the fi eld of history and knowledge production is understood here as both a political position and a site of enunciation that contributes to understanding these relations.
After several decades of calls for action, overall levels of educational participation and attainment among indigenous people remain much lower than those for Canadians as a whole. Beginning with an overview of recent educational trends, this paper seeks to understand why educational visions expressed by indigenous people several decades ago remain unfulfilled.
Despite recent claims by Saul (2008) that Canada’s federal and provincial systems of government, including its justice systems, have been strongly influenced by Aboriginal peoples, this article advances that any infl uence has been largely coincidental. A detailed critical appraisal of Saul’s work reveals a romanticized glossing over of Aboriginal–settler history rather than a detailed engagement with it.
Not since the summer of 1990 have Canadians seen such a widespread resurgence of Indigenous nationalism. The recent “Idle No More” movement, which began in late 2012 as a campaign against specific federal legislation affecting lands and waters, has led to renewed calls for Canadians to honour the treaty relationship with Indigenous peoples. This piece considers the movement from a more global perspective.