The objective of this article is to compare Indigenous and Western modernities by examining how contemporary Indigenous polities are finding inventive ways to assert their sovereignty. Our discussion presents an innovation in Indigenous governance introduced recently by the Ngarrindjeri people in Southern Australia.
This paper reviews contemporary concepts and practices in Indigenous governance. The purpose is threefold: to outline trends in and ways forward for Indigenous governance; to identify some common yet problematic approaches to Indigenous self-determination; and to discuss the different ways that Indigenous self-determination is defined. The paper serves as a literature review of Indigenous governance specifically in the Canadian context. The ideas discussed are framed within the concepts of democracy, critical Indigenous theory and governance.