Genocide and settler colonialism are conceptually related ideas, although the specific relationship remains unclear. Whereas some scholars develop subcategories of “colonial genocide” or examine the historical origins of these concepts, I address the signification of “genocide” and “indigeneity.” I explore the system of meanings underlying each concept to suggest that both are paradoxically rooted in otherness. The category of indigeneity reveals a basic paradox: the colonizer and Indigenous other are separate from but, simultaneously, dependent upon one another.
Years of colonization, modernization and neo-colonial influences have had a significant impact on the development of social policies and in turn a considerable impact on the cultural wellbeing of indigenous peoples throughout Oceania. As indigenous peoples we need to be looking “within” for solutions which enhance wellbeing whilst protecting the cultural heritage of our people.