Despite improved access to health services in Aotearoa New Zealand there remains a significant socio-economic and health gap between Māori (Indigenous New Zealanders) and Pākehā (non Māori). E Hine (Girl) is a qualitative Kaupapa Māori (by Māori, for Māori) research project, seeking to identify barriers and facilitators to positive health outcomes for young Māori mothers (under 20 years), and their infants.
In Australia, the Indigenous health workforce is in urgent need of Indigenous health professionals with credible qualifications in higher education that they can draw upon when attempting to influence government policies and health strategies. One way that this can be addressed is by Indigenous health workers gaining a Bachelor of Nursing degree. This paper reports on a study that focused on the experiences of Indigenous health workers, and how they have met and overcome significant and specific challenges in higher education to become registered nurses.
In this article it will be shown through archival sources that alcohol and tobacco were introduced by colonists into Aboriginal communities living in the Hunter Region of central eastern New South Wales in the first half of the 19th century. Colonists used alcohol and tobacco as a means of pacifying and coercing Aboriginal people to perform a variety of tasks and services, including carrying water, serving as guides, and supplying foods and labour.