Genocide and settler colonialism are conceptually related ideas, although the specific relationship remains unclear. Whereas some scholars develop subcategories of “colonial genocide” or examine the historical origins of these concepts, I address the signification of “genocide” and “indigeneity.” I explore the system of meanings underlying each concept to suggest that both are paradoxically rooted in otherness. The category of indigeneity reveals a basic paradox: the colonizer and Indigenous other are separate from but, simultaneously, dependent upon one another.
The indigenous San of Botswana have undergone far- reaching socio- cultural and economic transformations in a negative and alienating environment that renders them a marginalized and subjugated people. They are also subjected to a formal education that demeans and devalues their indigenous epistemologies, whilst privileging those of the hegemonic Batswana (people of Botswana). This has caused cultural disorientation and negative self- perception amongst the San.